Annual Reports  >  2013  > Financial Information > Financial Analysis > 2012 to 2013 (Unconsolidated)
Financial Analysis
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Financial Analysis from 2012 to 2013 (Unconsolidated)

*Glossary

1. Capital Structure Analysis
(1) Debt Ratio = Total Liabilities / Total Assets
(2) Long-term Fund to Property, Plant and Equipment Ratio = (Shareholders’ Equity + Noncurrent Liabilities) / Net Property, Plant and Equipment Assets
2. Liquidity Analysis
(1) Current Ratio = Current Assets / Current Liabilities
(2) Quick Ratio = (Current Assets - Inventories - Prepaid Expenses) / Current Liabilities
(3) Times Interest Earned = Earnings before Interest and Taxes / Interest Expenses
3. Operating Performance Analysis
(1) Average Collection Turnover = Net Sales / Average Trade Receivables
(2) Days Sales Outstanding = 365 / Average Collection Turnover
(3) Average Inventory Turnover = Cost of Sales / Average Inventory
(4) Average Inventory Turnover Days = 365 / Average Inventory Turnover
(5) Average Payment Turnover = Cost of Sales / Average Trade Payables
(6) Property, Plant and Equipment Turnover = Net Sales / Net Property, Plant and Equipment
(7) Total Assets Turnover = Net Sales / Average Total Assets
4. Profitability Analysis
(1) Return on Total Assets = (Net Income + Interest Expenses * (1 - Effective Tax Rate)) / Average Total Assets
(2) ) Return on Equity = Net Income / Average Shareholders’ Equity
(3) Operating Income to Paid-in Capital Ratio= Operating Income / Paid-in Capital
(4) Pre-tax Income to Paid-in Capital Ratio = Income before Tax / Paid-in Capital
(5) Net Margin = Net Income / Net Sales
(6) Earnings Per Share = (Net Income - Preferred Stock Dividend) /Weighted Average Number of Shares Outstanding
5. Cash Flow
(1) Cash Flow Ratio = Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities / Current Liabilities
(2) Cash Flow Adequacy Ratio = Five-year Sum of Cash from Operations / Five-year Sum of Capital Expenditures, Inventory Additions, and Cash Dividend
(3) Cash Flow Reinvestment Ratio = (Cash Provided by Operating Activities - Cash Dividends) / (Gross Property, Plant and Equipment + Long-term Investments + Working Capital)
6. Leverage
(1) Operating Leverage = (Net Sales - Variable Cost) / Income from Operations
(2) Financial Leverage = Income from Operations / (Income from Operations - Interest Expenses)